Last Updated on February 18, 2023 by Tabraiz
What are lymph nodes?
The lymphatic system is composed of small, bean-shaped glands called lymph nodes. They filter lymph, a clear fluid that carries white blood cells and other debris from the body tissues. Lymph nodes also produce and store white blood cells (lymphocytes), which help fight infection.
Lymph nodes can be found around the neck, armpits, groin, and in other parts of the body. Their size range is about 1 mm to 25 mm and are usually clustered together in groups.
When you have an infection or other illness, your lymph nodes may swell and become tender. This is because they are working overtime to fight the infection. In some cases, you may be able to feel the swollen lymph nodes.
What causes swollen lymph nodes?
There are many possible reasons for swollen lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are often swollen in response to an infection, such as a cold or the flu. They can also be swollen due to other infections, such as ear infections, sinus infections, or tooth infections. In some cases, lymph nodes may become enlarged due to cancer or other diseases. As a result, the best cancer hospital in Delhi would be the best choice in such circumstances
What are the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes?
Physical examination is the most effective method of detecting swollen lymph nodes. The bumps are soft and circular. You may be able to feel swelling in areas such as along the sides of your neck by gently pressing them. People with tender lymph nodes are likely to suffer from pain while chewing or turning their necks in certain directions. The swelling of lymph nodes around the groin area may result in discomfort when bending or walking.
If the swelling has not diminished or has increased after one or two weeks, you should consult your doctor. Suppose you are having difficulty swallowing or breathing, or if your throat is sore, the lymph nodes may feel hard when pressed. There is also cause for concern when lymph nodes are swollen, and weight loss is accompanied by a persistent fever.
When to see a doctor about swollen lymph nodes?
It is generally not very alarming when lymph nodes become swollen, and they will usually heal on their own within a few weeks. However, there are some instances where it might be necessary to visit your doctor for a check-up. The following is a list of situations in which you should seek further medical advice.
A few weeks have passed and swelling is still persisting
When the infection has subsided, a lymph node will usually decrease in size, although it may remain enlarged afterward. There is generally no reason to be worried in this situation. It is, however, advisable to consult your physician if the swelling does not subside in a few weeks. As soon as the area is examined, the doctor can determine whether it requires additional testing or treatment.
Swelling is becoming more severe
Despite swelling, lymph nodes should return to their normal size when the infection has been cleared. When you notice swelling that does not seem to be improving and is concerned, it is recommended that you speak with your doctor. It is important to get your lymph nodes checked if they start to grow slowly. This may indicate a more serious condition, such as cancer.
It feels hard when you press the lymph nodes
Ideally, lymph nodes should be rubbery and relatively soft to the touch. However, in the event you notice a lymph node that is hard when pressed, such as a stone, you should seek medical attention immediately. The best cancer hospital in Delhi should be consulted if you experience this symptom, as it may be an indication of a serious illness, such as cancer.
There is difficulty moving the lymph nodes
A healthy lymph node should not only feel rubbery to the touch but must also move easily with gentle pressure applied to it. There might be a reason to worry if a lymph node does not move freely. It is best to have this checked out as soon as possible, as this suggests that there may be an underlying illness.
You have a sore throat
You may experience a sore throat in combination with swelling of the lymph nodes in your neck if you have a minor illness such as strep throat, influenza, or a cold. If you are suffering from a persistent sore throat, you may benefit from an anti-inflammatory throat spray designed to aid in the relief of the discomfort. You should also drink plenty of fluids and take painkillers like paracetamol and ibuprofen.
You should consult your doctor when home remedies do not relieve your sore throat. Your doctor can perform a throat examination to determine whether stronger medications, such as antibiotics, are required.
Your body is experiencing a fever
You will likely experience a higher temperature when you have swollen lymph nodes. It is a sign that your body is fighting an infection, similar to the swollen lymph node itself. It is recommended that you take over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol, to make yourself more comfortable and to help bring down your temperature. In case your high temperature is still causing you concern, you should consult your doctor.
You should be concerned about swollen lymph nodes if they are accompanied by other symptoms like fever, chills, and night sweats. If you have swollen lymph nodes for over two weeks, make an appointment with the best cancer hospital in Delhi. Lymph nodes can swell due to infection, inflammation, or cancer, so it’s important to rule out any serious underlying causes.